Types and use of texture in architecture

Types and Use of Texture in Architecture

Types of Texture in Architecture Texture in Architecture

Texture is the property, sensation and feel of the objects received through sense of touch and vision. They may be used for the description of tactile sensations. The textures for interior and exterior of a building has to be selected very carefully. Textures can be categorized in different ways as follows.

Smooth and Rough Texture –

Smooth textures are non-tactile textures. They are so fine that they appear smooth to touch as well as to look at. The surface of internal walls and floors and furniture should be smooth to touch so that it is more practical to use and does not create unnecessary inconvenience to the people.

smooth wall texture

Smooth Wall Texture

yellow rough texture

Rough Texture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rough textures are tactile and they possess a course surface for vision as well as for sense of touch. Materials with rough textures can be used for the exterior of buildings and objects for decoration purposes.

Artificial glass Texture

Artificial Texture

Natural and Artificial Textures –

Natural textures are those which have been derived directly from nature. For example – the different patterns of woods and stones (such as marble and granite) are the various textures present in the nature itself. These textures are usually rough but they are smoothened through various processes to make their desired use in the buildings.

natural wood texture

Natural Texture

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artificial Textures are those which are factory made and their patterns and roughness are designed by man. For example – plastic items, mica, glass, deco, etc. have man-made textures.

Visual and Physical and only Visual Textures –

Visual & Physical Textures are those which are rough to touch as well as to look at. These are generally derived from nature and their natural texture is maintained as such.

visual rough texture

Visual & Physical Textures

visual polished texture

Visual Textures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Only Visual Textures are those which are rough to look at but have a smooth feeling to touch. Such appearance to the material is given by polishing, varnishing and other processes.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Types of Texture in Architecture:

Advantages and Disadvantages of Smooth Textures:
Advantage Interiors and furniture with smooth texture are convenient to use.
Disadvantage Over smooth floors can cause slipping accidents.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Rough Textures:
Advantage 1. Rough textures are needed for non-slippery floors. For example – driveways, footpaths, ramps, etc. all need rough flooring.

2. Rough textured exterior finish adds to the beauty of a building and decoration purposes having rough texture add to the interior beauty.

Disadvantage 1. Walls and floors with rough textures can cause bruises and injuries or minor accidents.

2. Rough textures cannot be used where there is a problem of air pollution and dust. This makes a big problem of cleanliness.

Read more about related study material – Importance of Scale in Architecture

Guneet Singh Khurana
Ar. Guneet Singh Khurana is a visionary architect, author and currently working in Design Arch as Principal Architect. He holds B.Arch degree from Department of Architecture, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar. His creative approach and interest in designing inspired him to pursue future in architecture. He has an extensive experience in the field of architecture and urban design. He is the founder of Archistudent.net (a resource portal dedicated to providing information and knowledge to the growing community of architecture, interior design, landscape and planning). He is recipient of the PAFE Award for excellence in the field of Environment friendly architecture and University Scholarship for excellence in academics.

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