Geometry in Islamic Architecture

Geometry in Islamic Architecture

Islamic Architecture is known for its grandness and geometry. The shapes and forms used for the construction are true in nature.  Vivid use of colours and use of precious and semi-precious stones enriches its glory to manifolds.

•Geometry is one the most important elements of Islamic art. “Star shapes and polygons appear in all the arts and provide a source of much architectural decoration… geometric shapes are highly versatile and can be extremely complicated.”
•From the simple polygons and rectangles used as framing devices to the highly complex interlaces of stars and irregular polygons.
•The four basic shapes, or “repeat units,” from which the more complicated patterns are constructed are:
– circles and interlaced circles
– squares or four-sided polygons
– the star pattern, ultimately derived from squares and triangles inscribed in a circle
– multi-sided polygons.

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Guneet Singh Khurana
Ar. Guneet Singh Khurana is a visionary architect, author and currently working in Design Arch as Principal Architect. He holds B.Arch degree from Department of Architecture, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar. His creative approach and interest in designing inspired him to pursue future in architecture. He has an extensive experience in the field of architecture and urban design. He is the founder of (a resource portal dedicated to providing information and knowledge to the growing community of architecture, interior design, landscape and planning). He is recipient of the PAFE Award for excellence in the field of Environment friendly architecture and University Scholarship for excellence in academics.


  • March 8, 2013

    Guneet, thank you for your presentation on the geometry of Islamic architecture. I will attempt to provide a link to it on my blog, Architectural Travels ( I have bookmarked your website, too. It is a great resource for architecture enthusiasts like myself, especially those who love Islamic architecture.

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