Drawing of lift elevator

Construction Detail of Lift Elevator

Lift Elevator

Structural Component of Lifts :- There are majorly 3 main components of a lift elevator.

  1. Moist way or shaft or lift wellpassenger-lift
  2. Machine Room
  3. Lift lit

Terminology :-

  • Lift car
  • Pit
  • Lift lope ways
  • V groove
  • U-groove
  • Lift Car
  • Counter Weight
  • Driving Sheaves/Pulley
  • Hoist Rope
  • Guiding Rails- in which counter weights more
  • Guiding frames
  • Guiding shoes
  • Break
  • Electric drive motor
  • Power supply controller
  • Lift cars
  • Car Rails
  • Guiding Shoes(Below Cabin)
  • Car Frame

Classification of Lift Elevator :-

  1. Drum Type- Rope wounds around a drum
  2. Traction Type- Pulley/Breaks/Motor
  3. Gearless
  4. Geared

Types of Lift :- There are four types of lift

  • Passenger lifts
  • Hospital or Bed lifts
  • Goods or Freight lift
  • Service lifts or Dumb waiter

Passenger Lifts

These lifts are used in Low or Medium Class Flats (speed does not exceed 0.5m/s and carries 4-6 people), Office Buildings, Hotels and High Class flats.

Method of Operation-

  • Attendant Operation
  • Automatic Push Button
  • Selective Collective Group Operation(for particular floors)
  • Autotropic(for high storeyed buildings more than 30floors)
  • Signal Opeartion
  • Shops & Departmental stores
  • These Cars are designed for 12-20 person

Hospital Lifts  Same method of operation – Automatic Push Buttondetails of hospital lift

Efficiency of lift depends upon-

  • Quality- Average passenger, time at various floors
  • Quantity-No of persons/weight
  • Type of lift operations:-
  • Manual Car switch operation
  • Automatic-cum-attendent operation
  • Selective Collective Operation
  1. Simplex
  2. Duplex
  3. Multiplex

Important Structural components :-

  • Arrangement of lifts
  • Location of lifts
  • Breaks
  • Rope & Rope materials

Here’s drawings on Lift elevators with some of the specifications which may help in construction.Lift drawing

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Ar. Guneet Singh Khurana is a visionary architect, author, educator and currently working in Design Arch as Principal Architect. He holds degree Bachelor's in Architecture from Department of Architecture, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar. His creative approach and interest in designing inspired him to pursue future in field of architecture. He has over five years of extensive experience in the field of architecture and urban design. He is the founder of (a resource portal, founded in June 2008, dedicated to providing information and knowledge to the growing community of architecture, interior design, landscape and planning). He is recipient of the PAFE Award for excellence in the field of Environment friendly architecture and University Scholarship for excellence in academics.


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